Facts About Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA)
- 20 children between the ages of 6 & 25 will die today from sudden cardiac arrest caused by a cardiac arrhythmia syndrome. (1)
- Each year 7,000 young Americans ages 6-18 die from SCA. (1)
- Two thirds of SCA deaths occur in people without any prior indications of heart disease. (2)
- The sensitivity of an ECG/EKG for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) capable of causing sudden unexpected death in adolescents is 95%. (3)
- In 80% of cases the first symptom is the fatal collapse.
- Sudden Unexpected Death is three times more prevalent in young athletes than non-athletes.
- African Americans are more likely to have a SCA than Caucasians and have less than a 1 percent chance of surviving, versus a 5 percent chance in the general population.
- A defibrillator must be used within 4 minutes of someone having a coronary episode in order to save their life. For every minute that passes without defibrillation, a person’s chances of survival decrease by 10%.
(1) Heart Rhythm Society, www.hrsonline.org
(2) National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, www.nhlbi.nih.gov
(3) Fuller, C.M., MD. “Physical examinations for young athletes,” Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine, March 2005